Sunday, 29 July 2012

Why do Muslims fast in the month of Ramadan?

Why do Muslims fast in the month of Ramadan?
1.      Develop Taqwa or God consciousness.
2.      Prove that fasting is the epitome of the five pillars of Islam.
3.      Obedience to the commandments of Allah.
4.      Following the footsteps of all Messengers of Allah.
5.      Way to worship Allah.
6.      Shield from the Hellfire.
7.      Reap the full reward of Lailat-ul Qadr.
8.      Getting closer to Allah and earning a special reward.
9.      Seeking repentance for the past sins.
10.  Time to count the blessings from Allah.
11.  Build a relationship with the Quran.
12.  Build a relationship with the Islamic way of life.
13.  Frequent the Masjids.
14.  Increasing charity.
15.  Share the same experience with the Muslim Ummah; building brotherhood.
16.  Feel the hunger of the poor.
17.  Make friends with past enemies.
18.  Build self and social discipline.
19.  Build community relationships.
20.  Build patience and steadfastness.
21.  Reduce sexual desires.
22.  Control evil thoughts.
23.  Overcome stinginess/greed.
24.  Control negative emotions like anger and jealousy.
25.  Detach from worldly things (at least for thirty days).
26.  Revive one’s spirituality and modify personality/character.
27.  Establish spiritual foundation of sincerity.
28.  Improve immune system.
29.  Repair damaged organs.
30.  Support surgery.
31.  Be a part of the health-supporting system; natural hygiene.
32.  Transition to make lifestyle changes.
33.  Receive good health faster.
34.  Eliminate toxins and metabolic byproducts.
35.  Overcome addictions to alcohol, cocaine, nicotine etc.
36.  Reduce the size and effect of body tumors.
37.  Reduce neck and back problems.
38.  Reduce high blood pressure.
39.  Speed up response to Angina and intermittent claudication.
40.  Drop cholesterol levels.
41.  Reduce gastrointestinal disturbances (Eg: gastritis, constipation, bloating etc).
42.  Bring diabetes under control.
43.  Divert energy from the digestive system towards metabolism and immune system.
44.  Effectiveness of the production of proteins to replace damaged cells.
45.  Build healthier cells, tissues and organs.
46.  Reduce core body temperature.
47.  Reduce Basal Metabolic rate to conserve energy in the body.
48.  Efficiency in hormone production.
49.  Expand lifespan.
Feel rejuvenate

Mufti Menk - Day 2 (Life of Muhammad PBUH) - Ramadan 2012

Tips to Help You Enjoy Taraweeh This Ramadan!

  1. Remind yourself it’s a once in a year opportunity..
    For most of us, work, school or just about anything else becomes an excuse to wriggle us out of attending Taraweeh. The next time an excuse creeps into your mind, think to yourself – “It’s just once a year”. You may not get an opportunity to pray Taraweeh next year, so don’t give yourself excuses!Narrated Abu Huraira: I heard Allah’s Apostle saying regarding Ramadan, “Whoever prayed at night in it (the month of Ramadan) out of sincere Faith and hoping for a reward from Allah, then all his previous sins will be forgiven.” (Sahih Bukhari: Volume 3, Book 32, Number 226)
    Why pass up such an opportunity?
  2.  Go to the masjid stress-free
    Make sure all your work is taken care of before you head out for Taraweeh. Plan your day so that homework is finished, emails are typed out, the dishes are cleaned and the kids are tucked away in bed for you to be able to stand through Taraweeh without your mind being occupied. If you cannot finish off certain tasks before Taraweeh then set a time after it when you will be working on these tasks.
  3. Go to the masjid with a group of friends or family
    In this way, everyone makes it to Taraweeh without anybody slipping off under the bed covers and dozing off. If you are able to offer a ride to your friends in the neighborhood then there is insh’Allah, ajr (reward), for becoming a means for them to get to the masjid. Also, going along with a group adds to the enthusiasm! Finally, if you get to the masjid early with a group, you could cozy up in a corner and have a mini halaqa.
  4. Get to the masjid early
    This is important. You leave five minutes before the prayer begins, you get to the masjid breathless, you’re thirsty now and there’s no place to stand, you finally find a spot where you are squished between crowds of people, this spot is hot – disaster during Taraweeh. Do not take a nap after iftaar, leave for the masjid right away. This will ensure that you get to the masjid without any puffing or panting and you can get a comfortable spot. Leave a portion of your daily Quran recitation to recite during this time.
  5. Have a light iftaar
    Yes, we have all been hungry all day and seeing the delicious iftaar meal on the table makes you never want to stop. However, stocking up on all of it will do you more harm than good. It’s also against the sunnah! So go easy on your stomach and eat light. A full belly makes for a very uncomfortable Taraweeh. You may have a few more bites when you return from taraweeh if you feel you haven’t eaten enough.
  6. Know what’s being recited
    This is by far the most crucial tip for Taraweeh prayers. Often we begin to feel tired and restless during Taraweeh because we have no clue about what is being recited! This also takes away from the khushu’ in one’s prayer. There are long-term and short-term solutions for this.The short-term solution: Get to know ahead of time what the imam will recite during Taraweeh the next day. Ask the imam or just predict! That night, pick up a copy of an English translation of the Quran and read the word-to-word translation and perhaps some of the commentary on those ayahs. You’ll feel far more alert during Taraweeh when you’re able to pick up on some of the meanings of what is being recited.The long-term solution: Plan ahead of Ramadan. Enroll yourself in online or local Arabic courses and learn some basic Quranic Arabic. Also, try joining Tafseer courses to be able to understand the beauty in the meanings of the Quran. This works far better than reading a mere translation of the Arabic text – but you need to plan ahead!
  7. Don’t neglect the fardh prayers
    The Taraweeh prayers are a nafl prayer. Make sure in all the hype about Taraweeh, you don’t neglect your fardh (obligatory) prayers!
  8. Avoid the ‘dip’
    Often halfway through Ramadan, we begin to feel a ‘dip’ where the enthusiasm for Taraweeh from the first few days begins to wear away. Avoid it. You may try new things to keep up the enthusiasm such as going for Taraweeh along with a friend, forming a halaqa with a few friends at the masjid after prayer etc. But most importantly, remind yourself why you’re going for Taraweeh each day and renew your intentions.
  9. Water is your friend
    Carry a water bottle with you to freshen up in the breaks during the Taraweeh. To pump up the goodness and rewards, bring a few extras for others praying in the masjid.
  10. Leave the scowling at home
    Sometimes people in the masjid may get on your last nerve. It’s hot and crowded, kids cry and people push. But keep your smile on. Ramadan is all about clinging to patience.
  11. Du’a..Du’a..Du’a! 
    It’s the month of asking for forgiveness and seeking His Bounty. Learn different du’as that you can recite during the long prostrations in Taraweeh. If there’s any time when you should really increase those du’as, then it’s definitely during Taraweeh!
by Sundas Naeem                                             

Sunday, 22 July 2012

Importance of Salaah (Prayers)

Be ever mindful of prayers, and of praying in the most excellent way; and stand before God in devout obedience. The Holy Qur'an, Chapter 2, Verse 238

Salaah, one of the pillars of Islam is a duty enjoined upon believers to be performed sincerely and devotedly. A Muslim should always strive towards earning the pleasure of Allah (swt). There is undoubtedly no better way of achieving it than by fulfilling the purpose for which we have been sent on earth by Allah (swt).

And [tell them that] I have not created the invisible beings and men to any end other than that they may [know and] worship Me. The Holy Qur'an, Chapter 51, Verse 56

As seen from the above verse of Glorious Qur’an, the purpose of creation is to Worship Allah (swt) and the best form of worship and remembrance of Allah (swt) is Salaah (prayers). It is a favor bestowed upon Muslim ummah from Allah (swt), the exalted, a solution to various difficulties one is to face en-route his life and a recipe for success in this life as well as the life of hereafter. Muslims are invited to earn this favor five times a day through Adhan (call for prayer). The Importance of Salaah is recalled to Muslims five times a day whenever Adhan is pronounced,
Hayya 'alas-Salaah (Come to Prayers), Hayya 'alal-Falah (Come to Success)
Indeed successful are those believers who are humble in their Salaah (prayers). The Holy Qur'an, Chapter 23, Verses 1-2
Success comes from proper composition of well-defined purpose and sincere efforts. Thus alaah should be performed in full submissiveness and obedience. Allah (swt) thus asks believers to guard prayers strictly and offer Salaah in the best form.
Lo! the hypocrites seek to beguile Allah, but it is Allah who beguileth them. When they stand up to worship they perform it languidly and to be seen of men, and are mindful of Allah but little. The Holy Qur'an, Chapter 4, Verse 142
The above verse from Surah Al-Nisa of Glorious Qur’an stresses the disliked way of praying, which reflects the deception in purpose, lack of vigor and thus a deficiency in love and fear towards Allah (swt). The true purpose of Salaah is remembrance of Allah (swt) and to seek pleasure of Allah (swt) by glorifying and praising him for his uncountable favors towards his creations. Allah (swt) affirms.
It is Me, Allah; there is none worthy of worship except Me, so worship Me and establish Salaah for My remembrance. The Holy Qur'an, Chapter 20, Verse 14
Now that we have elaborated the correct purpose the methodology should also be perfected i.e observing Salaah at appointed times,
Narrated Abdullah bin Masud:
I asked Allah's Apostle, "O Allah's Apostle! What is the best deed?" He replied, "To offer the prayers at their early stated fixed times." I asked, "What is next in goodness?" He replied, "To be good and dutiful to your parents." I further asked, what is next in goodness?" He replied, "To participate in Jihad in Allah's Cause." I did not ask Allah's Apostle anymore and if I had asked him more, he would have told me more. (Sahih Bukhari, Book 4, Volume 52, Hadith 41)
Qur’an bears the testimony of the consequences one would face for being neglectful of Salaah by abandoning it.
But the generations who succeeded them abandoned the Salaah and started following their lusts; so they will soon face the consequences of their deviation. The Holy Qur'an, Chapter 19, Verse 59
It is narrated on the authority of Abu Hurrayrah that the Prophet said “The first thing about which the people will be called to account out of their actions on the Day of Judgment is prayer. Our Lord, the Exalted, will say to the angels - though He knows better: Look into the prayer of My servant and see whether he has offered it perfectly or imperfectly.” (Dawud, Book 3, Hadith 863)
In Surah Al-Ma’arij verses 19-23, Allah (swt) uses the word halu’an to describe the restless and impatient nature of man. Whenever he is afflicted with some trouble he lacks the patience (Arabic: Sabr) and trembles in despair. This arises due to shortcomings in trust towards Allah (swt). On the other hand, when he is given in abundance he turns ungrateful towards the Sustainer Allah (swt). He is encompassed with arrogance and uncaring attitude towards the less fortunate ones. Thus Allah (swt) assures the observance of Salaah as way to preserve hope in times of grievance and humbleness & humility in periods of bountiful life. Salaah has the power to erase the roots of the evil deeds (Arabic: al-munkar) causing barrier amidst society and giving birth to wrong attitude of racial as well as financial discrimination and sinful intentions. Allah (swt) confirms the merit of Salaah.
Observe the Salaah (Contact Prayers) for it prohibits evil and vice. The Holy Qur'an, Chapter 29, Verse 45
Muhammad (sas) draws an excellent parable in the Hadith below concerning the fruits of Salaah
Narrated Abu Huraira:
I heard Allah's Apostle saying, "If there was a river at the door of anyone of you and he took a bath in it five times a day would you notice any dirt on him?" They said, "Not a trace of dirt would be left." The Prophet added, "That is the example of the five prayers with which Allah blots out (annuls) evil deeds." (Sahih Bukhari, Book 1, Volume 10, Hadith 505)
Glory be to Allah (swt) who has given us such an opportunity to seek his pleasure and attain salvation.
Seek Allah's help with patience and Salaah: it is indeed hard to be patient and to be punctual in offering Salaah except for those who fear Allah. The Holy Qur'an, Chapter 2, Verse 45
“Good Things come at a Price” The price (remembrance of Allah (swt) through Salaah) we ought to pay is very miniscule compared to the wonderful reward we are to achieve i.e Paradise. May Allah (swt) give us the courage to establish constancy in Salaah!
- Wasim Shaikh

Saturday, 21 July 2012

Is it permissible to take pills in order to delay menstruation for fasting?

Is it permissible to take pills in order to delay menstruation and complete all the fasts in Ramadan?
For women there is ease from Allah(swt) that they should not fast while menstruating. The fasts left are then to be made up, a day for a day missed, by her after Ramadan and during the days that fasting is not prohibited. This means that she will be rewarded equally as much as she would be rewarded if she were fasting during the month of Ramadan. However if she wishes she can use pills in order to delay her menstrual periods in order to fast during the month of Ramadan

There is no objection in taking pills during Ramadan in order to prevent menstruation with the intention of completing all the fasts. However this permissibility will become void and the taking of pills will become forbidden if the pills would cause harm to the person.
People have different health issues and while to some the pills would be harmless, to others they can cause harm. As a result people must consult their family doctor who would be well aware of their health issues to assess any harmful effects.

- Ebrahim Saifuddin

Permissibility to Start Fast in State of Janabah

By Ebrahim Saifuddin

ramadan_janabah_fastQuestion: Can we start the fast while in a state of Janabah (sexual impurity) and then perform Ghusl later on?

Answer: It is certainly permissible to start the fast while in the state of Janabah. Ghusl can be performed later on. The permissibility of such is derived from incidents in the life of Prophet Muhammad ﷺ as explained in the ahadith.

"Narated By Abu Bakr bin ‘Abdur-Rahman: My father and I went to ‘Aisha and she said, 'I testify that Allah’s Apostle ﷺ at times used to get up in the morning in a state of Janaba from sexual intercourse, not from a wet dream and then he would fast that day.' Then he went to Um Salama and she also narrated a similar thing." - [Bukhari Vol.3, Book 31, #153]

And again:

"‘Aisha reported that a person came to the Apostle of Allah ﷺ asking for a fatwa (religious verdict). She (‘Aisha) had been overhearing it from behind the curtain. ‘Aisha added that he (the person) had said: Messenger of Allah ﷺ, (the time) of prayer overtakes me as I am in a state of junub; should I observe fast (in this state)? Upon this the Messenger of Allah ﷺ said: (At times the time) of prayer overtakes me while I am in a state of junub, and I observe fast (in that very state), whereupon he said: Messenger of Allah ﷺ, you are not like us Allah has pardoned all your sins, the previous ones and the later ones. Upon this he (the Holy Prophet) ﷺ said: By Allah, I hope I am the most God-fearing of you, and possess the best knowledge among you of those (things) against which I should guard." - [Muslim Book 6, #2455]

Although permissible, it is against the best of practices and should be avoided as much as possible. This is why it is stated in Kifayatul Mufti Vol.4 pg 250:

"To eat or drink in a state of Janabah without washing hands and face or without wudhu, whether in or out of Ramadan, is against the best of practices with the condition that there is no impurity on the hands. It is appropriate to do Ghusl before having suhoor or to do wudhu or at least to wash the hands.1"

Can I hug and kiss my wife while fasting?

Attention: open in a new window. PDFE-mail
By Ebrahim Saifuddin

fastinghkQuestion: Can I hug and kiss my wife while fasting or will that invalidate the fast?

Answer: It has been reported through various ahadith that Prophet Muhammad ﷺ did hug and kiss his wife while fasting.
‘Aisha رضی اللہ عنھا reported: Allah’s Messenger ﷺ used to kiss (his wives) while fasting and embraced (them) while fasting; but he had the greatest mastery over his desire among you. - [Muslim Book 6, #2439]
It is important to note that he had much control over his sexual desires. A man who fears that hugging or kissing his wife would cause him to lose control and cross the boundaries set by Allah (swt) for fasting, should not hug or kiss his wife at all. Although if a person has no fear of being aroused in a sexual way when he hugs or kisses his wife then it is permissible for him to do such.
Narated By ‘Aisha رضی اللہ عنھا: The Prophet ﷺ used to kiss and embrace (his wives) while he was fasting, and he had more power to control his desires than any of you. Said Jabir, “The person who gets discharge after casting a look (on his wife) should complete his fast.” – [Bukhari Vol.3, Book 31, #149]
However, you cannot kiss your wife where the saliva exchanges. That will invalidate the fast.
Some quote the following hadith as evidence to say exchange of saliva does not invalidate the fast:
عن عائشة رضی اللہ عنھا ان النبی ﷺ کان یقبلھا و ھو صائم و یمص لسانھا
Narrated 'Ayesha رضی اللہ عنھا, The Prophet ﷺ used to kiss her when he was fasting and he would suck her tongue - [Abu Dawood Book 13, #2380]
There is strict kalam on this hadith. The narrator Muhammad bin Deenar has been severely criticized and has been classified by some, including Ibn Ma'een and Dar Qutni as 'matrookul hadith' and 'da'eef'. Imam Nasai has stated that the last statement is only found in the hadith of Muhammad bin Deenar. Another narrator in the hadith, Sa'ad bin Aws al-'Abdi is also criticized and has transmitted other wrong narrations as well. Ibn Ma'een has classified him as 'da'eef'. (al-Fadhlul Ma'bud Sharh Sunan Abi Dawood vol.3, Kitab as-Saum pg. 553)
To base any ruling on a hadith with such a weak health is incorrect. Even if for argument's sake one says that this hadith is sound, even so, to conclude that it is permissible to swallow the saliva of the wife which is transmitted by kissing is incorrect. This is due to the fact that the hadith remains silent on whether this saliva was spat from the mouth or swallowed. Thus, even by accepting this hadith to be sound, the ruling of swallowing saliva cannot be established.
A third answer is given, as stated in al-Durr al-Mandud Sahrh Sunan Abi Dawood, vol.4 pg 216, the "و" after 'wa huwa saa'imun' is not "'aatifah" but is "Ist'nafiyah" in which case it will be a completely new statement and will not be linked to "and he was fasting".
Swallowing someone else's saliva invalidates the fast and thus such a kiss would not be permissible.

Is it allowed to use miswak while fasting?

Islam stresses on cleanliness and using the miswak is important to keep the teeth clean and prevent plaque which is more likely to appear while a person fasts all day. Prophet Muhammad(saw) has been reported of using the miswak to clean his teeth while fasting:

Narated By Abu Huraira: The Prophet said, "If somebody eats or drinks forgetfully then he should complete his fast, for what he has eaten or drunk, has been given to him by Allah." Narrated 'Amir bin Rabi'a, "I saw the Prophet cleaning his teeth with Siwak while he was fasting so many times as I can't count."

And narrated Abu Huraira, "The Prophet said, 'But for my fear that it would be hard for my followers, I would have ordered them to clean their teeth with Siwak on every performance of ablution." The same is narrated by Jabir and Zaid bin Khalid from the Prophet who did not differentiate between a fasting and a nonfasting person in this respect (using Siwak).

'Aisha said, "The Prophet said,
"It (i.e. Siwak) is a purification for the mouth and it is a way of seeking Allah's pleasures." Ata' and Qatada said, "There is no harm in swallowing the resultant saliva." - [Bukhari, Vol 3, Book 31, #154]
It is better, however, to spit the resultant saliva because if one would accidentally swallow a piece of wood then his fast will get invalidated.

- Ebrahim Saifuddin

The Holy month of Ramadan

Allah chose the month of Ramadan to send down the Glorious Qur’an to bring mankind out of darkness and oppression into light and guidance. It is a month in which the gates of Paradise are opened, the gates of Hell are closed, the Shaytaan is chained, the rewards of good deeds are multiplied, people rise to higher levels in Jannah (paradise), and evil deeds and sins are forgiven.

Muslims are required to fast during the day making sure that they avoid the things which would invalidate it- from vain talk and idle play to backbiting, spreading tales, and lying. Muslims are required to bring life to the nights of Ramadan through prayer and reciting Qur'an. In this month, extra care should be taken of the poor and needy by giving charity and showing them other forms of righteousness. They are required to strive against their own selves by increasing deeds of obedience and avoiding all sinful acts. Allah says
O ye who believe! Fasting is prescribed for you, even as it was prescribed for those before you, that ye may ward off (evil). The Holy Qur'an, Chapter 2, Verse 183

Allah says in the Qur'an:
The month of Ramadan in which was revealed the Qur’an, a guidance for mankind and clear proofs for the guidance and the criterion (between right and wrong). So whoever of you sights (the crescent on the first night of) the month (of Ramadan, i.e., is present at his home), he must observe sawm (fasting) that month, and whoever is ill or on a journey, the same number [of days which one did not observe sawm (fasting) must be made up) from other days. Allah intends for you ease, and He does not want to make things difficult for you. (He wants that you) must complete the same number (of days), and that you must magnify Allah for having guided you so that you may be grateful to Him.
The Holy Qur'an, Chapter 2, Verse 185
The Virtue of the Qur’an

Allah said: …a guidance for mankind and clear proofs for the guidance and the criterion (between right and wrong).
Here Allah praised the Qur’an, which He revealed as guidance for the hearts of those who believe in it and adhere to its commands. Allah said: and clear proofs meaning, as clear and unambiguous signs and unequivocal proof for those who understand them. These proofs testify to the truth of the Qur’an, its guidance, the opposite of misguidance, and how it guides to the straight path, the opposite of the wrong path, and the distinction between the truth and falsehood, and the permissible and the prohibited.
The Obligation of Fasting during Ramadan

Allah said: So whoever of you sights (the crescent on the first night of) the month (of Ramadan, i.e., is present at his home), he must observe Sawm (fasting) that month.
This verse requires the healthy persons who witness the beginning of the month, while residing in their land, to fast the month. When Allah ordered fasting, He again mentioned the permission for the ill person and the traveler to break the fast and to fast other days instead as compensation. Allah said: …and whoever is ill or on a journey, the same number [of days which one did not observe sawm (fasting) must be made up) from other days.
This verse indicates that ill persons who are unable to fast or fear harm by fasting, and the traveler, are all allowed to break the fast. When one does not fast in this case, he is obliged to fast other days instead.
Allah said: Allah intends for you ease, and He does not want to make things difficult for you.
This verse indicates that Allah allowed such persons, out of His mercy and to make matters easy for them, to break the fast when they are ill or traveling, while the fast is still obligatory on the healthy persons who are not traveling.
Remembering Allah upon performing the Acts of Worship

Allah’s statement: …and that you must magnify Allah for having guided you
means: So that you remember Allah upon performing the act of worship. This is similar to Allah’s statement:
So when you have accomplished your Manasik (rituals) remember Allah as you remember your forefathers or with far more remembrance. The Holy Qur'an, Chapter 2, Verse 200
.and glorify the praises of your Lord, before the rising of the sun and before (its) setting. And during a part of the night, glorify His praises, and after the prayers.
The Holy Qur'an, Chapter 50, Verse(s) 39-40
Similarly, several scholars have stated that reciting Takbir(i.e. saying Allahu Akbar) during ‘Id-ul-Fitr was specified by the verse that states:
(He wants that you) must complete the same number (of days), and that you must magnify Allah for having guided you...

Allah’s statement: …so that you may be grateful to Him. means: If you adhere to what Allah commanded you, obeying Him by performing the obligations, abandoning the prohibitions and abiding by the set limits, then perhaps you will be among the grateful.
Therefore, it is the duty of every muslim to make full utilization of the month of Ramadan by devoting his/her time to prayers, reciting of the Qur'an, performing righteous deeds and abstaining from evil deeds and praising Almighty Allah for all the favours that He has bestowed upon us and seeking His blessings and pleasure so that he/she may rise in rank in the eyes of Almighty Allah as Allah states that the only criteria to distinguish men is piety and righteousness and not race, wealth, social status or any of the other things which are serve as distinguishing criteria in the eyes of humans.

"O Mankind!
Most certainly, it is We( God Almighty) who have Created you all
From a single (pair) Of a male and a female,
And it is We (God almighty) who have made you into Nations and tribes,
That ye may recognise each other (Not the ye may despise each other.)
Verily the noblest of you In the sight of Allah Is (he who is) the most Righteous of you."
The Holy Qur'an, Chapter 49, Verse 13

Wednesday, 18 July 2012

Ramadan Mubarak Nasheed 2012

Preparing for Ramadan by Sh. Yasir Qadhi

Fasting the Month of Ramadan

The merits of Fasting:
Narrated Abu Huraira: The Messenger of God- PBUH – said; “Allah- most high said, (All the deeds of Adam’s sons (people) are for them, except fasting which is for me, and I will give the reward for it.” Fasting is a shield. If one of you is fasting, he should avoid sexual relation with his wife and quarreling, and if somebody should fight or quarrel with him, he should say, ‘I am fasting.’ By him in whose hands my soul is’ the unpleasant smell coming out from the mouth of a fasting person is better in the sight of Allah than the smell of musk. There are two pleasures for the fasting person, one at the time of breaking his fast, and the other t the time when he will meet his Lord; then he will be pleased because of his fasting).

(All the deeds of Adam’s sons (people) are for them): means to them are the share of its reward in this Life, like people’s commendations to him due to his good deeds.

(Shield): means protection and preservations from sins.

Abu Umamah reported; “I came to the Messenger of Allah and said: ‘Order me to do a deed that will allow me to enter Paradise.’ He said; ‘Stick to fasting, as there is no equivalent to it.’ Then I came to him again and he said; ‘Stick to fasting.’

The merits of Ramadan Month:
Narrated Abu Huraifa. Allah’s Apostle (PBUH) said, “When the moth of Ramadan starts, the gates of the heaven are opened and the gates of Hell are closed and the devils are chained.”
And quoted from him that the Prophet –PBUH- said: “who fasts in Ramadan, totally believing and reverencing, all his preceded sins will be forgiven.” And in another quote (preceded and future sins).

For those who break the fast in Ramadan:
If it is for a legal excuse; like sickness, disability etc. he is excused to break the fast, yet he is obligated to make up (Qadda) in other days, except if the disability is constant and the sickness is incurable, then he must pay instead of each day he breaks a Fidya (financial compensation), which is feeding one poor man ‘Miskeen’ for each fast missed. But if his breaking is with no excuse; then he commits a sin and he must make up (Qadda) and to pay kaffara, because he breaks the sanctity of the Month and he must repent and seek refuge in God, that he might be redeemed of the sins for what he did.
Someone who refuses to fast and denies that it is obligatory to do so while knowing the ruling, is considered to be a Murtad (apostate) unless he immediately repents,

The bases of fasting:
Fasting has two integra
 1.      Abstaining from what breaks the fasting, from Alfajr (Dawn) till the sunset, Allah said (Quran 2: 187)
(Henceforth, you may have intecouse with them, seeking what God has permitted for you. You may eat and drink until the white thread of light becomes distinguishable from the dark thread of night at dawn. Then, you shall fast until sunset.)
The white thread and black thread are the whiteness of the day and the blackness of the night.
2.      Making intention (Niyah), Allah says (Quran 98:5);
(all that was asked of them was to worship God, devoting the religio absolutely to Him alone.)
And Allah’s Apostle –PBUH – said: (The reward of deeds depends upon the intentions and every person will get the reward according to what he has intended.)
Time of intention is from sunset till dawn every night in the Month of Ramadan, and it is necessary due to what Allah’s Apostle –PBUH- said; (Who does not intend to fast before the dawn, has no fasting.)
It is not necessary to utter the intention, because it is by heart, and the trueness of it is intending to obey Allah’s commandments, and seeking His pleasure. The one, who has Suhor (a meal before daybreak, intending to fast ) is and intender, and the one who inteds to restrain himself from the things that brak the fst, during the day, completely devoting to God, is also an inteder evern thought he dis not had Suhor.

Upon whom fasting is incumbent?
Fasting or Ramadan is Fard (Compulsory) for all those who attain these conditions. 
1.      Islam. 
2.      Maturity –puberty-: it is not obligated upon a boy, but the distinguisher – the boy who reached 7 years- is ordered with it as ordered with prayer, in order to make him get used to obedience. 
3.      Brain; it is not obligated upon crazy people, and it is not accepted even if they fast, because they are brainless. 
4.      Purity of menstruation and postpartum, it is not accepted from the women during that periods to fast till she purify, and she has to make up (Qadda) after attaining purity the days she has missed. 
5.     The ability to fast: fasting is not obligated on those who cannot bear fasting due to old age or incurable sickness, yet those who have curable sickness and the pregnant who fears for her child or herself and also the breast feeding mother shall break their fast but hey have to make up (Qadda)in other days.