Saturday, 16 October 2010

Growth Rate of Religion after 9/11

Holy Quran 25 - Surah Fruqan

ection 1
[Furqan 25:1] Most Auspicious is He Who has sent down the Furqan (the Criterion – the Holy Qur’an) upon His chosen bondman for him to be a Herald of Warning to the entire world. (Prophet Mohammed – peace and blessings be upon him – is the Prophet towards all mankind.)
[Furqan 25:2] The One to Whom belongs the kingship of the heavens and of the earth, and has not chosen a child, and has no partner in His kingship, and He has created everything and kept it in proper measure.
[Furqan 25:3] And people have appointed other Gods besides Him, those who do not create anything but are themselves created, and those who do not have the power to harm or benefit themselves, and who do not have any authority over death or life nor over resurrection.
[Furqan 25:4] And the disbelievers said, “This is nothing but a slur he has fabricated and others have helped him upon it”; so indeed the disbelievers have stooped to injustice and lie.
[Furqan 25:5] And they said, “These are stories of the former people, which he has written down, so they are read to him morning and evening.”
[Furqan 25:6] Proclaim (O dear Prophet Mohammed - peace and blessings be upon him), “It is sent down by Him Who knows all the secrets of the heavens and the earth; indeed He Oft Forgiving, Most Merciful."
[Furqan 25:7] And they said, “What is the matter with this (Noble) Messenger, that he eats food and walks in the markets? Why was not an angel sent down along with him, to give warning along with him?”
[Furqan 25:8] “Or that he should have obtained a hidden treasure, or should have had a garden from which to eat”; and the unjust said, “You do not follow but a man under a magic spell.”
[Furqan 25:9] O dear Prophet (Mohammed – peace and blessings be upon him) see how they invent examples for you - they have therefore gone astray, unable find a road.
Section 2
[Furqan 25:10] Most Auspicious is He Who, if He wills, may make it much better for you - Gardens beneath which rivers flow, and may create high palaces for you.
[Furqan 25:11] In fact they deny the Last Day; and We have kept prepared a blazing fire for those who deny the Last Day.
[Furqan 25:12] When it will see them from afar, they will hear its raging and roaring.
[Furqan 25:13] And when they are thrown into a narrow place in it, bound in chains, they will pray for death in it.
[Furqan 25:14] It will be said “Do not pray this day for one death – and pray for many deaths.”
[Furqan 25:15] Say, “Is this better or the Everlasting Gardens which are promised to those who fear? That is their reward and their outcome.”
[Furqan 25:16] “In it for them is all that they may desire, abiding in it for ever; a promise incumbent upon your Lord, which is asked for.”
[Furqan 25:17] And on the day when He will assemble them and what they worship instead of Allah - then will say to those deities, “Did you mislead my bondmen or did they themselves forget the path?”
[Furqan 25:18] They will submit, “Purity is to You - it was not rightful for us to appoint any Master besides You; but You gave them and their forefathers usage to the extent that they forgot Your Remembrance; and they were indeed the people who destroy themselves.”
[Furqan 25:19] “So the deities have belied what you state - so now you can neither avert the punishment nor help yourself; and whoever among you is unjust, We shall make him taste a terrible punishment.”
[Furqan 25:20] And all the Noble Messengers We sent before you were like this – eating food and walking in the markets; and We have made some of you a test for others; so will you, O people, patiently endure? And O dear Prophet, your Lord is All Seeing.
 
PART 19
Section 3
[Furqan 25:21] And those who do not expect to meet Us said, “Why were the angels not sent down to us or we been able to see our Lord?” Indeed they thought too highly of themselves and they turned extremely rebellious.
[Furqan 25:22] The day when they will see the angels - that day will not be of any happiness for the guilty - and they will cry, “O God, erect a barrier between us and them!”
[Furqan 25:23] And We turned all the deeds they had performed into scattered floating specks of dust.
[Furqan 25:24] And for the People of the Garden on that day is a better destination and account, and a better place of afternoon rest.
[Furqan 25:25] And the day when the sky will be split asunder with clouds and the angels will be sent down in full.
[Furqan 25:26] The true kingship on that day belongs to the Most Gracious; and that is hard for the disbelievers.
[Furqan 25:27] And the day when the unjust will gnaw his hands, saying, “Alas, if only I had chosen a way along with the (Noble) Messenger (of Allah)!”
[Furqan 25:28] “Woe to me – alas, if only I had not taken that one for a friend.”
[Furqan 25:29] “He indeed led me astray from the advice that had come to me”; and Satan deserts man, leaving him unaided.
[Furqan 25:30] And the Noble Messenger submitted, “O my Lord - indeed my people took this Qur’an as worthy of being abandoned.”
[Furqan 25:31] And this is how We had appointed guilty people as enemies to every Prophet; and Allah is Sufficient, to guide and to aid.
[Furqan 25:32] And the disbelievers say, “Why was the Qur’an not sent down to him all at once?” This is how We sent it in stages, in order to strengthen your heart with it and We read it slowly, in stages.
[Furqan 25:33] And they will never bring you an example, but We shall bring you a true narration and better than it.
[Furqan 25:34] Those who will be dragged on their faces towards hell – theirs is the worst destination and they are the most astray.
Section 4
[Furqan 25:35] And indeed We gave Moosa the Book and appointed with him his brother Haroon as a deputy.
[Furqan 25:36] We therefore said, “Go, both of you, to the people who have denied Our signs”; then ruining the people, We destroyed them completely.
[Furqan 25:37] And the people of Nooh - when they denied the Noble Messengers, We drowned them and made them a sign for mankind; and We have kept prepared a painful punishment for the unjust.
[Furqan 25:38] And the tribes of A’ad and the Thamud, and the people of the Wells, and many a generation between them.
[Furqan 25:39] And We illustrated examples to each one of them; and ruining them, annihilated them all.
[Furqan 25:40] And indeed they have visited the township upon which had rained a harmful rain; so were they not seeing it? In fact, they never expected to be raised again.
[Furqan 25:41] And when they see you (O dear Prophet Mohammed - peace and blessings be upon him) they take you but as a mockery, “Is this the one whom Allah sent as a (Noble) Messenger?”
[Furqan 25:42] “Possibly he would have misled us away from our Gods had we not been firm upon them”; soon they will know, when they see the punishment, who was astray from the path.
[Furqan 25:43] Did you see the one who chose his own desires as his God? So will you accept the responsibility of guarding him?
[Furqan 25:44] Or do you think that most of them hear or understand something? They are not but like the cattle – in fact more astray from the path than them!
Section 5
[Furqan 25:45] O dear Prophet, did you not see your Lord, how He spread the shade? And if He willed, He could have made it still; then We made the sun a proof upon it.
[Furqan 25:46] We then gradually withdraw it towards Us.
[Furqan 25:47] And it is He Who made the night a veil for you, and the sleep a rest, and made the day for getting up.
[Furqan 25:48] And it is He Who sent the winds giving glad tidings before His mercy; and We sent down purifying water from the sky.
[Furqan 25:49] In order that We may revive a dead city with it, and give it to the many beasts and men that We have created, to drink.
[Furqan 25:50] And indeed We kept cycles of water among them that they may remember; so most men did not accept, except to be ungrateful.
[Furqan 25:51] If We willed, We could have sent a Herald of Warning to every village.
[Furqan 25:52] So do not listen to the disbelievers and, with this Qur’an, fight a great war against them.
[Furqan 25:53] And it is He Who caused the two joint seas to flow- one is palatable, very sweet, and the other is salty, very bitter; and kept a veil between them and a preventing barrier.
[Furqan 25:54] And it is He Who created man from water, then appointed relatives and in-laws for him; and your Lord is All Able.
[Furqan 25:55] And they worship such, other than Allah, which neither benefit nor hurt them; and the disbeliever helps the devil instead of his Lord.
[Furqan 25:56] And We have not sent you (O dear Prophet Mohammed - peace and blessings be upon him) except as a Herald of glad tidings and warnings.
[Furqan 25:57] Proclaim, “I do not ask any fee from you for this, except that whoever wills may take the way to his Lord.”
[Furqan 25:58] And trust the Living One Who will never die, and praising Him proclaim His Purity; and He is Sufficient upon the sins of His bondmen, All Aware.
[Furqan 25:59] The One Who created the heavens and the earth and all that is between them in six days, then befitting His Majesty, established Himself upon the Throne (of control); the Most Gracious – therefore ask the one who knows, concerning Him!
[Furqan 25:60] And when it is said to them, “Prostrate to the Most Gracious” - they say, “And what is the Most Gracious? Shall we prostrate to whatever you command us?” And this command only increases the hatred in them. (Command of Prostration # 7)
Section 6
[Furqan 25:61] Most Auspicious is He Who created lofty towers in the sky and placed a lamp in it, and the luminous moon.
[Furqan 25:62] And it is He Who created the alternation of the night and day for one who wishes to remember or intends to give thanks.
[Furqan 25:63] And the bondmen of the Most Gracious who walk upon the earth humbly, and when the ignorant address them they answer, “Peace”. (Good –bye)
[Furqan 25:64] And who spend the night prostrating and standing, for their Lord.
[Furqan 25:65] And who submit, “Our Lord - avert the punishment of hell from us; indeed its punishment is the shrieking of the throats.”
[Furqan 25:66] Indeed it is a most wretched abode.
[Furqan 25:67] And those who, when spending, neither exceed the limits nor act miserly, and stay in moderation between the two.
[Furqan 25:68] And those who do not worship any other deity along with Allah, and do not unjustly kill any living thing which Allah has forbidden, nor commit adultery; and whoever does this will receive punishment.
[Furqan 25:69] The punishment shall be increased for him on the Day of Resurrection, and he will remain in it forever, with humiliation.
[Furqan 25:70] Except one who repents and accepts faith and does good deeds – so Allah will turn their evil deeds into virtues; and Allah is Oft Forgiving, Most Merciful.
[Furqan 25:71] And whoever repents and does good deeds – so he has inclined towards Allah with repentance as was required.
[Furqan 25:72] And those who do not give false testimony, and when they pass near some indecency, they pass by it saving their honour.
[Furqan 25:73] And those who, when they are reminded of the signs of their Lord, do not fall deaf and blind upon them.
[Furqan 25:74] And who submit, “Our Lord, soothe our eyes with our wives and our children, and make us leaders of the pious.”
[Furqan 25:75] They will be rewarded the highest position in heaven, the recompense of their patience, and they will be welcomed with honour and greetings of peace.
[Furqan 25:76] They shall abide in it forever; what an excellent abode and place of stay.
[Furqan 25:77] Say (O dear Prophet Mohammed - peace and blessings be upon him) “You have no value before My Lord if you do not worship Him; so you have denied – therefore the punishment that remains, will occur.”

Tuesday, 12 October 2010

The Biography of Prophet Muhammad (PBUH)

1. When was the Prophet Muhammad (p.b.u.h.) born?
 He was born on Monday, 12th Rabi Al Awwal, April 22nd, 571 AC.

2. Where was the Prophet Muhammad (p.b.u.h.) born?
 In Makkah

3. What is the name of the Prophet's father?
 Abdullah Ibn Abdul Muttalib.

4. What is the name of the Prophet's mother?
 Aminah Bint Wahhab Ibn Abd Manaf Ibn Zahrah.

5. When and where did his (prophet's) father die?
 He died in Makkah before Muhammad (p.b.u.h.) was born.

6. What is the name of the Prophet's grandfather?
 Abdul Muttalib.

7. What was his granfather's position?
 He was the chief of his clan Bani Hashim.

8. What is the Prophet's (p.b.u.h.) lineage up to his fifth ancestor?
 He is Muhammad Ibn Abdullah Ibn Abdul Muttalib Ibn Hashim Ibn Abd Manaf Ibn Qusai Ibn Kilab.

9. Who suckled the Prophet Muhammad (p.b.u.h.)?
 First Thuyeba, the freed slave girl of his uncle Abdul Uzza known as Abu Lahab, then Haleema Bint Abu Dhuaib, best known as Haleema Al Sadiyah.

10. Who named the Prophet Muhammad (p.b.u.h.)?
 Abdul Muttalib.

11. What did Muhammad's (p.b.u.h.) mother name him?
 Ahmad.

12. Why did she (the Prophet's mother) choose this name?
 Because she saw an angel in a dream calling the new-born baby Ahmad.

13. How old was Muhammad (p.b.u.h.) when his mother died?
 Six years old.

14. Where did his mother take him?
 She took him to Yathrib (Madinah) to visit her relatives.

15. Where did his mother die?
 On her way back to Makkah, she died at Abwa and was buried there.

16. Who brought Muhammad (p.b.u.h.) back to Makkah?
 His father’s slave girl, Umm Aiman (May Allah be pleased with her).

17. Who took the charge of his care?
 His grandfather Abdul Muttalib.

18. How long did The Prophet's grandfather take care of the Prophet Muhammad?
 For two years.

19. How was his (Abdul Muttalib's) behavior with Muhammad (p.b.u.h.)?
 He loved him very much and preferred him to his own sons.


20. What did Abdul Muttalib foretell about his grandson?
 That he would hold a prestigious position.

21. Who took care of the Prophet (p.b.u.h.) after the death of Abdul Muttalib?
 His uncle Abu Talib.

22. How old was Muhammad (p.b.u.h.) when his grandfather Abdul Muttalib died?
 About eight years old.

23. When did Muhammad (p.b.u.h.) travel to Syria and with whom?
 He went to Syria with his uncle Abu Talib when he was twelve years old.

24. Who was Khadijah (May Allah be pleased with her)?
 She was a wealthy merchant of Makkah.

25. Why did she (Khadijah) want to marry Muhammad (p.b.u.h.)?
 Because of his truthfulness and good conduct.

26. When did she (Khadijah) marry Muhammad (p.b.u.h.)?
 When she was 40 years old.

27. How old was Muhammad (p.b.u.h.) at the time of the marriage?
 He was 25.

28. What did he (the Prophet) give her (Khadijah) as Mahr (dowry)?
 Twenty camels.

29. Was Khadijah (May Allah be pleased with her) a widow?
 Yes. The Prophet (p.b.u.h.) was her third husband.

30. How was Muhammad (p.b.u.h.) known in the society?
 He was known as Al Ameen (trustworthy) and Al Sadiq (truthful).

31. Did he get any sort of education?
 No, he didnt get any formal education from the society, rather he was taught by Almighty Allah.

32. What should one say when the Prophet's (p.b.u.h.) name is mentioned?
 One should say صلى الله عليه وسلم (May the peace and blessings of Allah be upon him).

33. How many times is the name of Muhammad mentioned in the Holy Quran?
 Four times.

34. What are the names of the Prophet’s (p.b.u.h.) uncles?
 They are: Harith, Zubair, Abu Talib, Hamzah (May Allah be pleased with him), Abu Lahab, Ghidaq, Maqwam, Safar and Abbas (May Allah be pleased with him).

35. In the New Testament by what name was the Prophet (p.b.u.h.) mentioned?
 By the name of Paraclete.

36. What is Kabah?
 It is the oldest house of worship on the earth.

37. Who built it?
 The Prophet Ibrahim and his son Ismael (May Allah be pleased with them).

38. How did Quraish arrange rebuilding of Kabah?
 They divided the work among various tribes. Each tribe was responsible for rebuilding a part of it.

39. Who laid the stones?
 A Byzantine mason called Baqum.

40. Where did the Prophet (p.b.u.h.) go into seclusion?
 To the Cave of Hira.

41. What was the fist stage of the revelation?
 True dreams.

42. When did the first revelation come down to him?
 On Monday, 21st of Ramadan, at night (August 10th, 610 AC). He was forty years then.

43. Who brought it?
 Jibrael.

44. Who were the first to embrace Islam?
 Four persons: Khadijah his wife, Zaid Ibn Haritha his freed slave, Ali Ibn Abi Talib his cousin and Abu Bakr his friend (May Allah be pleased with them).

45. Who accepted Islam at the instance of Abu Bakr (May Allah be pleased with him)?
 Uthman Ibn Affan, Zubair Ibn Awwam, Abdur Rahman Ibn Awf, Sad Ibn Abi Waqqaas, Talha Ibn Ubaidullah and Saeed Ibn Zaid (Umar’s son-in-law) (May Allah be pleased with them).

46. Who were the ladies to accept Islam at first?
 Abbas’s wife Ummaul Fadl, Abu Bakr’s wife Asma Bint Umais, his daughter Asma Bint Abi Bakr and Fatimah Bint Al Khattab Umar’s sister (May Allah be pleased with them).

47. How was the Dawah done in the beginning?
 It was done in secret.

48. How many people embraced Islam in the early stage?
 About forty.

49. How many years did the call in secret continue?
 For three years.

50. During this period, where would the Muslims gather secretly?
 They would gather secretly in the house of a Muslim called Arqam to learn about Islam and the revelations sent down to the Prophet (p.b.u.h.).

51. When did the Prophet (p.b.u.h.) start to preach Islam openly?
 After three years when he received the revelation to that effect.

52. What was the impact of his public preaching?
 The people accepted Islam increasingly.

53. What was the main miracle of the Prophet (p.b.u.h.)?
 The Holy Quran.

54. Did the Prophet (p.b.u.h.) perform other miracles?
 Yes, the splitting of the moon was one of them.

55. Who was Hamza bin Abdul Muttalib?
 One of the Prophet’s (p.b.u.h.) uncles.

56. Name some of the disbelievers of Makkah who supported the Prophet (p.b.u.h.), but did not embrace Islam until the end.
 Abu Talib, Mutim Ibn Adi and Abul Bukhtari.

57. How long did Abu Talib protect the Prophet (p.b.u.h)?
 For 42 years – from the Prophet’s childhood until he himself died.

58. Who was Mutim Ibn Adi?
 A chief of Makkah.

59. When did he (Mutim Ibn Adi) give protection to the Prophet (p.b.u.h.)?
 When the Prophet (p.b.u.h.) returned from Taif and wanted to enter Makkah.

60. When did he (Mutim Ibn Adi) die?
 He was killed in the Battle of Badr.

61. Who was Abul Bukhtari?
 He was a poet.

62. How did he (Abul Bukhtari) support the Prophet Muhammad (p.b.u.h.)?
 He spoke out against the social boycott.

63. What lead the Muslims to emigrate to Abyssinia?
 Their growing persecution at the hands of Quraish.

64. Which Surah lead to this emigration?
 Surah Az Zumar.

65. When was Abul Bukhtari killed?
 In the battle of Badr.

66. Who was then the King of Abyssinia?
 The King of Abyssinia, known as Najjashi (the Negus), during the time of the Prophet (p.b.u.h.) was As'hama.

67. When did the first group of Muslims leave for Abyssinia?
 In Rajab, in the fifth year of Prophethood.

68. How many persons were there in the group?
 12 men and 4 women.

69. How were the emigrants received in Abyssinia?
 They were received warmly and hospitably.

70. When did the second group of emigrants leave for Abyssinia?
 In the fifth year of Prophethood.

71. How many people formed the group?
 83 men and 18 women.

72. Name a prominent companion included in this group.
 Ja'far Ibn Abi Talib (May Allah be pleased with him).

73. What did Quraish do?
 They despatched two envoys to Abyssinia to demand the extradition of the emigrants.

74. How did the King respond?
 He refused to extradite the Muslims and assured them of his full protection.

75. When did Umar (May Allah be pleased with him) accept Islam?
 At the age of 27.

76. Who was Bilal Ibn Rabah (May Allah be pleased with him)?
 He was a slave of Umayyah Ibn Khalaf.

77. What was his (Bilal Ibn Rabah's) origin?
 He was of Abyssinian decent.

78. What was the name of Bilal's mother?
 Hamama.

79. Who was Yaser (May Allah be pleased with him)?
 He was a slave of Abu Jahl.

80. Who was Sumayyah (May Allah be pleased with her)?
 She was Yaser's (a slave of Abu Jahl) wife.
 
81. Who was Ammar (May Allah be pleased with him)?
 He was Yaser and Sumayyah's only son.

82. How did Summaya (May Allah be pleased) die?
 Abu Jahl murderded her with a bayonet.

83. Who was Zaid Ibn Haritha (May Allah be pleased with him)?
 He was a slave.

84. Who purchased him (Zaid Ibn Haritha)?
 Khadijah's nephew Hakim Ibn Hizam purchased him and presented him to her.

85. What did Khadijah do with Zaid Bin Haritha?
 She presented him to the Prophet who set him free.

86. Did Zaid Bin Haritha want to go to his parents?
 No, he preferred to live with the Prophet (p.b.u.h.).

87. To whom was Zaid Bin Haritha married?
 To Umma Aiman (May Allah be pleased with her).

88. Who was Ja'far?
 He was the elder brother of Ali Ibn Talib (May Allah be pleased with him).

89. Where did he (Ja'far) emigrate?
 To Abyssinia.

90. Who was Ali (May Allah be pleased with him)?
 He was the son of Abu Talib and cousin of the Prophet (p.b.u.h.).

91. When did Ali (May Allah be pleased with him) accept Islam?
 When he was 10.

92. What was he (Ali) called for his bravery?
 The "Lion of Allah".

93. Whom did Ali first marry?
 He first married the Prophet's (p.b.u.h.) daughter Fatimah (may Allah be pleased with her).

94. How many sons did Ali have from her?
 Two sons: Hasan and Husain (May Allah be pleased with them).

95. When did Sa'd bn Abi Waqqas (May Allah be pleased with him) become a Muslim?
 When he was 19.

96. Where did Sa'd (May Allah be pleased with him) die?
 He died in Al Madinah.

97. What was Sa'd's advice to Muslims?
 To stand united.

98. Who was Abu Bakr's father (May Allah be pleased with him) and did he accept Islam?
 He was Uthman (May Allah be pleased with him) (Abu Quhafah). Yes, he accepted Islam during the Conquest of Makkah.

Monday, 11 October 2010

Srilanka Mujahedin: Prophets In Islam

Srilanka Mujahedin: Prophets In Islam

Prophets In Islam

Prophets In Islam Print E-mail
Prophets are human beings chosen by Allah to guide human beings. A prophet is referred to as Nabi in the Qur'an. Out of respect for prophets we always follow the name of any prophet with the words "peace be upon him" (pbuh). Allah has sent prophets throughout history. The first nabi/prophet was Adam (pbuh) and the last prophet was Muhammad (pbuh).  Some prophets received revelations which were documented in some form (scripture). Prophets who received scriptures are referred to as messengers / Rasul.  Each prophet came at a particular period in history to guide ...
Prophets are human beings chosen by Allah to guide human beings. A prophet is referred to as Nabi in the Qur'an. Out of respect for prophets we always follow the name of any prophet with the words "peace be upon him" (pbuh). Allah has sent prophets throughout history. The first nabi/prophet was Adam (pbuh) and the last prophet was Muhammad (pbuh).
Some prophets received revelations which were documented in some form (scripture). Prophets who received scriptures are referred to as messengers / Rasul.
Each prophet came at a particular period in history to guide his people. Only the last prophet, Muhammad (pbuh), came as a universal messenger to all mankind.
As Muslims we believe in all the prophets and messengers of Allah and we respect all of them.
25 prophets are mentioned in the Qur'an. There are many others who are not mentioned. Among those who are mentioned are the following:
Adam,Idris, Nuh, Hud, Saleh, Ibrahim (Abraham), Isma'il, Ishaq (Isaac), Lut, Ya'qub (Jacob), Yusuf (Joseph), Shu'aib, Ayyub, Musa (Moses), Harun (Aaron), Dhulkifl, Dawud (David), Sulaiman (Solomon), Ilyas, Al-Yasa', Yunus (Jonah), Zakariyya, Yahya (John), 'Isa (Jesus), Muhammad.
From this list, following were prophets / anbiyaa' as well as messengers / rusul:
    • Nuh (pbuh)
    • Ibrahim (pbuh) who received the Suhuf
    • Musa (pbuh) who received the Torah
    • Dawud (pbuh) who received the Zabur
    • 'Isa (pbuh) who received the Injil
    • Muhammad (pbuh) who received the Qur'an
The Qur'an was the final revelation sent by Allah to the final prophet Muhammad. The Qur'an is the only revelation of Allah that has remained in its original form. It has been preserved in memory by thousands of memorizers of the Qur'an (Hafiz). in history. It is has also been saved in written form from the earliest time until today. All the Qur'ans in the world are the same and the language of the Qur'an (Arabic) is still a living and a spoken language of the world Arabic is the 5th most commonly spoken language in the world at present.
As good Muslims we must follow the examples of the prophets because they were the best among human beings and they were guided by Allah to show us the Straight Path (sirat-almustaqim).
In order to live a good life in this world and to get the best reward in the hereafter we should follow the final revelation of Allah, the Qur'an, and the life example of the Prophet Muhammad, the Sunnah which is collected in books of Hadith.

Sunday, 10 October 2010

Terrorism

Terrorism Print E-mail

Terrorism is defined by our American government as the threat or the use of violence to advance a political cause by individuals or groups, whether acting for or in opposition to established governmental authority, when such actions are intended to shock, stun, or intimidate a target group wider than the immediate victims . Actually such a general definition will include all wars of liberation from the American War of Independence to the French Revolution. The worst aspect and perhaps the most common feature of terrorism is the unleashing of violence against innocent civilians.

Human-Rights-for-all-3

The State of Israel is the most recent example of the establishment of a state by terrorism. It was established by Jewish terrorist groups, the most infamous of which was the Stern Gang.
The term "Muslim terrorist" is used to label Islam as a terrorist religion. However, it is a misnomer. When IRA bombers struck, they were not labeled as "Catholic terrorists" even though the struggle is between Catholic Ireland and Protestant Northern Ireland supported by Protestant England. Likewise, when Timothy McVeigh blew up the CIA headquarters in Oklahoma City in 1995 killing 168 people, he was not labeled as a "Christian terrorist", though he was Christian and a terrorist. In fact the "Muslim terrorist" label was attached to the activities of the PLO who were a mixture of Muslims, Christians and communists. The PLO is not, nor was it ever, a Muslim organization. It is a nationalist organization working for the establishment of a secular Palestinian state.
The face of terrorism can be seen in the extremist movements of Egypt. Al­Gama'a Al-Islamiya (Islamic Group) and Jihad Movements provided shock troops for a bitter struggle with Egypt's security forces that caused about 1,200 deaths from 1992 to 1997 but failed to topple Hosni Mubarak's secular rule. The Gama'a claimed responsibility for the Luxor massacre of tourists in November 1997. However, in March 1997 its exiled leaders declared a unilateral truce and renounced violence. The philosophy of these movements and their program of action have been loudly condemned by leading Muslim scholars internationally as well as local Egyptian scholars.
The case of Algeria is somewhat more complex. However, it is sufficient to say that the Islamic Salvation Front (F.I.S.) - which was poised to win the elections cancelled by the Algerian military - renounced violent struggle over a year ago, yet the slaughter of innocents still continues. From the beginning of the civilian slaughters, the F.I.S. disclaimed them and identified the G.I.A. as the main culprit. Recent reports indicate that the G.I.A. was created by government secret service agents to discredit the F.I.S.'s military struggle by alienating them from the masses through atrocities.
Islam opposes any form of indiscriminate violence. The Qur'an states:" Anyone who has killed another except in retaliation, it is as if he has killed the whole of humankind." (32:5) There are strict rules regulating how war may be conducted. Prophet Muhammad forbade the killing of women, children, and old people and the destruction of Churches and Synagogues or farms. Of course, if women, children or the elderly bear arms they may be killed in self-defense.

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There is no god worthy of worship except God and Muhammad (peace be upon Him) is His messenger
Flower-7This declaration of faith is called the Shahada, a simple formula which all the faithful pronounce. In Arabic, the first part is la ilaha illa Allah - "there is no god except God"; ilaha (god) can refer to anything which we may be tempted to put in place of God -- wealth, power, and the like. Then comes illa Allah:" except God, the source of all creation. The second part of the Shahada is Muhammadun rasulu Allah: "Muhammad (peace be upon Him) is the messenger of God". A message of guidance has come through a man like ourselves.

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By making this declaration with good and pure intention, one can become Muslim.  To learn more about Islam, see "Learning Bridge".  If you would like us to be a witness to your Shahada, you can Email us and let us have your contact information and the best time to reach you, and we will contact you (God willing) and take your Shahada by phone, as well as give you contact information for the Islamic Centers in your area.  This is a very big step, yet you see how really simple it can be.  May Allah guide you and us to the right path.

Saturday, 9 October 2010

The Big Bang

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The Big Bang Print E-mail
The Expansion of the Universe and the Big Bang
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Creation of the Universe
Creation-of-the-UniverseIn the 20th century, great strides were made in the field of astronomy. First, the Russian physicist Alexandre Friedmann discovered in 1922 that the universe did not have a static structure. Starting out from Einstein's theory of relativity, Friedmann calculated that even a tiny impulse might cause the universe to expand or contract. Georges Lemaître, one of the most famous astronomers of Belgium, was the first to recognise the importance of this calculation. These calculations led him to conclude that the universe had a beginning and that it was continuously expanding right from the outset. There was another very important point Lemaître raised: according to him, there should be a radiation surplus left over from the big bang and this could be traced. Lemaître was confident that his explanations were true although they initially did not find much support in the scientific community. Meanwhile, further evidence that the universe was expanding began to pile up. At that time, observing a number of stars through his huge telescope, the American astronomer Edwin Hubble discovered that the stars emitted a red shifted light depending on their distances.
With this discovery, which he made at the California Mount Wilson Observa-tory, Hubble challenged all scientists who put forward and defended the steady state theory, and shook the very basis of the model of the universe held until then. Hubble's findings depended on the physical rule that the spectra of light beams travelling towards the point of observation tend towards violet while the spectra of light beams moving away from the point of observation tend towards red. This showed that the celestial bodies observed from the Californian Mount Wilson Observatory were moving away from the earth. Further observation revealed that the stars and galaxies weren't just racing away from us; they were racing away from each other as well. This movement of celestial bodies proved once more that the universe is expanding.
Further observations on the expansion of the universe gave way to new arguments. Starting from this point, scientists ended up with a model of a universe that became smaller as one went back in time, eventually contracting and converging at a single point, as Lemaître had argued. The conclusion to be derived from this model is that at some point in time, all matter in the universe was crushed together in a single point-mass that had "zero volume" because of its immense gravitational force. Our universe came into being as the result of the explosion of this point-mass that had zero volume and this explosion has come to be called the "Big Bang".
The Big Bang pointed to another matter. To say that something has zero volume is tantamount to saying that it is "nothing". The whole universe is created from this "nothing". Furthermore, this universe has a beginning, contrary to the view of materialism, which holds that "the universe has existed from eternity".
Big Bang with Evidence big-Bang
Once the fact that the universe started to form after a great explosion was established, astrophysicists gave a further boost to their researches. According to George Gamow, if the universe was formed in a sudden, cataclysmic explosion, there ought to be a definite amount of radiation left over from that explosion which should be uniform throughout the universe.
In the years following this hypothesis, scientific findings followed one another, all confirming the Big Bang. In 1965, two researchers by the name of Arno Penzias and Robert Wilson chanced upon a form of radiation hitherto unnoticed. Called "cosmic background radiation", it was unlike anything coming from anywhere else in the universe for it was extraordinarily uniform. It was neither localised nor did it have a definite source; instead, it was distributed equally everywhere. It was soon realised that this radiation is the relic of the Big Bang, still reverberating since the first moments of that great explosion. Gamow had been spot-on, for the frequency of the radiation was nearly the same value that scientists had predicted. Penzias and Wilson were awarded the Nobel Prize for their discovery.
It took only eight minutes for George Smoot and his NASA team to confirm the levels of radiation reported by Penzias and Wilson, thanks to the COBE space satellite. The sensitive sensors on board the satellite earned a new victory for the Big Bang theory. The sensors verified the existence of the hot, dense form remaining from the first moments of the Big Bang. COBE captured evidentiary remnants of the Big Bang, and the scientific community was compelled to acknowledge it.
Other evidence had to do with the relative amounts of hydrogen and helium in the universe. Calculations revealed that the proportion of hydrogen-helium gasses in the universe is in accord with theoretical calculations of what should remain after the Big Bang.
The discovery of compelling evidence caused the Big Bang theory to gain the complete approval of the scientific world. In an article in its October 1994 issue, Scientific American noted that "the Big Bang model was the only acknowledged model of the 20th century".
God Created the Universe from Nothing
With ample evidence discovered by science, the thesis of an "infinite universe" was tossed onto the scrap-heap of the history of scientific ideas. Yet, more important questions were forthcoming: what existed before the Big Bang? What force could have caused the great explosion that resulted in a universe that did not exist before?
There is a single answer to be given to the question of what existed before the Big Bang: God, the All-powerful and the Almighty, Who created the earth and the heavens in great order. Many scientists, be they believers or not, are obliged to admit this truth. Although they may decline to admit this fact on scientific platforms, their confessions in between the lines give them away. Renowned atheist philosopher Anthony Flew says:
"Notoriously, confession is good for the soul. I will therefore begin by confessing that the Stratonician atheist has to be embarrassed by the contemporary cosmological consensus. For it seems that the cosmologists are providing a scientific proof of what St. Thomas contended could not be proved philosophically; namely, that the universe had a beginning."
Some scientists like the British materialist physicist H. P. Lipson confess that they have to accept the Big Bang theory whether they want it or not:
"If living matter is not, then, caused by the interplay of atoms, natural forces, and radiation, how has it come into being?... I think, however, that we must...admit that the only acceptable explanation is creation. I know that this is anathema to physicists, as indeed it is to me, but we must not reject that we do not like if the experimental evidence supports it."
In conclusion, science points to a single reality whether materialist scientists like it or not. Matter and time have been created by a Creator, Who is All-Powerful and Who created the heavens, the earth and all that is in between: Almighty God.
It is God who created the seven heavens and of the earth the same number, the Command descending down through all of them, so that you might know that God has power over all things and that God encompasses all things in His knowledge. (Qur'an, 65: 12)